TMJ

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The Temporomandibular Joint acts like a hinge that connects the jawbone to the skull. While people are mostly unaware of its working like they know about the importance of shoulder and knee joints, the TMJs are also important and it plays a vital role in the daily activities like eating, talking, and even breathing.   

TMJ disorders include pain and restricted movement of the jaw joint and surrounding muscles. This condition is referred to as the Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). 

 

Symptoms and Diagnosis  

Physiotherapists and doctors will closely examine the movement of the jaw while opening and closing the mouth. The range of motions is observed and several areas of the jaw will be pressed to identify the sites of pain and discomfort.  

When it comes to TMJ dysfunction, pain or tenderness of the jaw will not be experienced. In this case, the possible symptoms include: 

  • Excessive clicking or popping 
  • Grinding of the jaw and limited opening 
  • Inability to fully clench the jaw 

People suffering from TMD often grind or clench their teeth a lot. There is also a high probability of suffering from headache, ear pain, dizziness, and upper neck pain. There are patients who have reported pain or inability to eat and talk.    

Tinnitus or ear ringing is associated with TMJ dysfunction as well.  

What Causes Temporomandibular Disorder? 

Medical experts consider TMJ dysfunction as a multifaceted musculoskeletal disorder. Common observations include:  

  • Masticatory muscle dysfunction 
  • Derangement/displacement of the TMJ articular disc 
  • Bruxism: grinding, gnashing, or clenching the teeth leading to asymmetrical movements 
  • Occlusal Problems: Asymmetrical or Retrognathic biting (underbite, overbite) 

Contact us to book an appointment. 

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