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Even though it may seem like a threateningly out-of-control situation, it affects as much as 30% of the population and is not a rarity. Dizzy spells are associated with vertigo and are a common condition noted in people. Vertigo can be termed as a subdivision of dizziness where a person experiences altered/inappropriate perception of motion.  

Are Vertigo and Dizziness the Same Thing or Different? 

Vertigo and conditions of dizziness are both synonymous to each other.  

Vertigo commonly refers to a whirling and spinning sensation due to disturbed balance. It is a result of an imbalance in the vestibular system. Lightheaded feeling, dizziness, a feeling of fainting and unsteadiness are feelings synonymous to Vertigo.  

When there is a disorder in the vestibular system i.e. disorders in the structures of the inner ear, the vestibular nerve, brainstem, and cerebellum, the condition of Vertigo is brought to life.  

What is the Vestibular system? It is responsible for integrating sensory stimuli and movement. It acts like a focus puller that keeps objects clearly in the frame of vision in tandem with the movement of the body.  

When the head moves, signals are sent to the labyrinth, an apparatus in the inner ear made up of semi-circular canals bogged by fluid. The labyrinth then transmits the information on the movement to the vestibular nerve, which carries the information to the brainstem and cerebellum. As these are the areas in the brain that control balance, posture, and motor coordination, the effect is huge.  

When it comes to dizziness, the common cause is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. Other causes include inflammation in the inner ear, Meniere’s disease, neck joint dysfunction, vestibular neuritis, vestibular migraine, and acoustic neuroma.   

Vertigo can be a symptom of even more serious neurological problems like a stroke or brain hemorrhage. It is unwise to leave the condition untreated.  

Conditions Related to Vertigo & Dizziness 

  • BPPV – Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo 
  • Migraine 
  • Muscle Strain/Pain 
  • Neck Headache 
  • Spondylosis (Spine Arthritis) 

A diagnostic maneuver like Dix-Hallpike test fetches accurate information on the condition. Effective treatment can be done by using Epley maneuver among others. Sleeping in an upright position and a neck collar (if needed) may be beneficial to avoid recurrence. 

Mount Isa Physio has the best treatment, techniques and expert crew under its belt to help people suffering from this condition. Contact us book an appointment. 

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